Tips for writers: Avoiding sexist and biased language: part 1

Sexist language refers to words, terms, or usages that discriminate against or exclude either of the sexes, and that assume maleness, or even femaleness is the standard.
Despite many years of feminist campaigners and attempts to raise awareness of the use of sexist language, it still widely exists in modern life. … More Tips for writers: Avoiding sexist and biased language: part 1

Levels of proofreading

You might be forgiven for thinking that proofreading is proofreading – there are no variances in style or intensity. The proofreader would read through for spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and other errors and inconsistencies and that is it. Well not quite – it depends on the authorship, readership,  and context, and where the writing will appear.

New words

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) does not generally add new words into the printed dictionary until they have had some time to become established. In the meantime they are added to the online version, launched on 14 March 2000.

Textese (or text-ese)

(The following is reproduced from a blog I published in October 2014 on a different host site.) Textese is a form of written language that is used in short text messages (SMS) and other digital communications such as emails, characterized by many abbreviations and typically not following standard spelling, grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and style.


Upspeak (or uptalk) is the term for speaking with a rising intonation towards the end of a sentence where a person makes a question out of a sentence that is not really a question but more of a statement. Examples would be ‘There is no way I can go out dressed like this as I … More Upspeak